Majority of state governments have agreed to follow the planned environmental rules in constructing urban projects.
The agreement on the said guidelines came during a consultative workshop on ‘Climate Change Mitigation in Urban Sector’ under the organization of the ministry of urban development. All stakeholders in New Delhi have attended the said workshop.
There are around 30 considerations that have to be met according to the ministry of environment, forests and climate change in their ‘Environmental Guidelines for Buildings’ presentation in the workshop. The considerations or restrictions aim to maintain efficient management of different resources including water, energy, air quality, solid wastes and noise levels before construction, during construction and after construction of urban projects.
The workshop was created mainly for states that needed green construction. The workshop is founded on the fact the construction sector uses 30 percent of raw materials produced in the country, 40 percent of electricity and 20 percent each of land and water resources while producing 20 percent effluents and 30 percent solid wastes.
Most of the stakeholders agreed that at least 1 percent of electrical power must come from renewable sources like solar or wind powered electricity. Common area lighting should also use LED or solar lights and that energy meters should be in place to monitor energy consumption. All of them also agreed that one tree must be planted for each square meter of land area and where trees needed transplantation or butting, there should be a compulsory plantation of three trees for each tree cut.
Stakeholders consents that Sewage Treatments Plants will be put in place to guarantee treatment of all solid waste produced in projects. They also said that approval of expert authority should be sought before flow of storm water channels is modified and that entry and exit points of these channels should be maintained. There should also be segregation of wastes by providing wet and dry bins and that non-biodegradable waste should be given to authorized recyclers. Fertile top soil should also be preserved and buildings should only be handed over when there are proper water and drainage connections.